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2012年10月自考00015英语(二)内部复习试题

2019-03-22 09:47:00
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        相关推荐:自考本科00015英语(二)历年真题及答案汇总

        一、单项选择题(本大题共10小题,每小题1份,共10分)

        I.  Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point each)

        1. Skillful farming     A     them to support a large population.

        A. enabled       B. forced         C. authorized     D. required

        2. The findings of the survey went contrary    D    what was expected.

        A. in            B. on            C. for           D. to

        3. James refused to be    B     about his future plans.

        A. distinct        B. specific        C. relevant       D. individual

        4. Young    A     he was, he was equal to the task.

        A. as            B. if            C. although      D. unless

        5. You should read this novel. It is    B     recommended by all critics.

        A. fairly         B. highly        C. mainly        D. strictly

        6. It's a great place to live in, except for the increasing volume of   B    that passes under my window every day.

        A. activity       B. traffic         C. movement     D. circulation

        7. He should     C    to what he's good at, and not try and do something he

        knows nothing about.

        A. look          B. lead          C. stick         D. point

        8. We take this oppommity to express our sincere     D    of your help.

        A. explanation    B. obligation     C. demonstration  D. appreciation

        9. I don't know ifthe story is tree, but I'll try to    C     it.

        A. modify        B. simplify       C. verify         D. specify

        10. The old man spoke    A     length about his experiences in Africa.

        A. at           B. in           C. from         D. to

       II.  Cloze Test (10 points, 1 point each)

        Scientists are learning more and more about the link between your mind and your health. Stress and depression have been shown to give rise to illness and disease.  11  , if you feel good about yourself and have a  12  attitude, and maintain an active involvement in life, you're more likely to be happy – and   13  .

        Many things   14    your emotional state. But at the heart of it is how you regard yourself. If you have a healthy level of self-esteem, you not only cope with life's challenges better than people  15  low self-esteem, but you're probably more content,  16 , and successful. You're probably also healthier.

        Most people's sense of worth is deeply rooted in their childhood - in the early approval or disapproval of parents and friends.  17    , as we get older, most of us judge ourselves  18    our sense of how effectively we're managing in the world, especially in the areas of love and work. Our  19  to love and be loved can give our lives a sense of purpose. We can also find  20  in work-related accomplishments, and the people we meet and work with can reinforce our sense of self and our role in life.

        (B)11. A. In addition     B. In contrast        C. In reality       D. In general

        (A)12. A. positive       B. common          C. critical         D. personal

        (D)13. A. respectable     B. energetic         C. lovely          D. healthy

        (C)14. A. explain        B. maintain         C. influence        D. simulate

        (B)15. A. at             B. with            C. for             D. upon

        (A)16. A. confident       B. dependent       C. sensitive        D. emotional

        (D)17. A. Therefore       B. Likewise        C. Instead         D. However

        (B)18. A. on             B. by             C. of              D. in

        (A)19. A. ability         B. dream           C. goal            D. intention

        (C)20. A. proof          B. interest          C. pride            D. troth

       III, Reading Comprehension (:30 points, 2 points each)

        Passage One

        Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

        If you start each day desperately wishing for an extra hour in bed, the following is likely to leave you feeling even more bad-tempered. Scientists have identified a "sleepless elite"- a small group of people for whom staying in bed longer is a waste of time.

        Rather than being tired and bad-tempered losers, they are an energetic, outgoing and optimistic group who can happily and healthily get by on just four or five hours of sleep a night. And, they tend to be slim, able to hold down two jobs at the same time, and handle their extra-long days easily without needing coffee or catnaps (小睡).

        Working out how the gene (基因) cuts sleep without any obvious impact on health could help in the design of drags that give us all a few extra hours in our day. The bad news is that while many of us get by on a few hours' sleep a night, just one to three people in 100 qualify to be part of the sleepless elite.

        The research team is now calling for members of the lucky group to come forward to allow their DNA to be studied. Harvard University researcher Dr. Christopher Jones said: "My long-term goal is to learn enough someday so we can control the sleep mechanism without damaging our health. Everybody can use more waking hours, even if you just watch movies."

        Many of those who have already volunteered share fascinating characteristics. They are cheerful, thinner than average, and seem to have a high tolerance for physical pain and psychological setbacks.

        Dr. Christopher Jones told the New York Times: "Typically, at the end of along phone interview, they will admit they have been sending short text message sand surfing the Internet and doing word games at the same time, all on less than six hours of sleep."

        21. According to the passage, the sleepless elite(C )

        A. perform less well than others        B. regard sleep as a waste of time

        C. are energetic despite less sleep      D. are likely to make others angry

        22. Researchers study the sleepless elite to(B )

        A. develop the mechanism of sleep       B. invent a healthy way to cut sleep

        C. find the impact of sleep on health   D. design drags for sleepless people

        23. The phrase "come forward" (para. 4) is closest in meaning to(D )

        A. decide                          B. donate

        C. contribute                       D. volunteer

        24. According to Dr. Jones, it is typical of the sleepless elite to(C )

        A. sleep at least six hours a night     B. watch more movies than others

        C. do more than one thing at a time     D. do word games better than others

        25. The passage is mainly about(D )

        A. a disease which is related to genes

        B. a new drag that cures sleeplessness

        C. recent studies on sleepless patients

        D. people who do well with less sleep

        以上“2012年10月自考00015英语(二)内部复习试题,”由湖南自考生网指导老师收集整理。

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