Ⅰ. Give English equivalents to the following abbreviations: (10%)
Ⅱ. Put the following phrases into English: (15%)
Ⅲ. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions or adverbs: (15%)
1.Seeing that the goods are very delicate, we advise you to take precaution ______ breakage.
2.Their claim for shortage was repudiated by the insurers on the ground that the goods had not been inspected ______ transshipment.
3.The factory turns ______ upwards of 5000 tons a month.
4.Any damage resulting ______ negligence must be paid for by the borrower.
5.Referring to Work Gloves, we would like you to change the quantity of the goods ______ S/C P43248 to approximately 5000 dz. pairs of Article P24843.
6.We have ______ thanks received your letter dated 18th July, five pieces of cow split leather and 2 pieces of work glove samples.
7.We have sold you rabit skins ______ excess of one million pieces.
8.It is inexplicable that you, ______ the circumstances, put forward to defer discussing this subject.
9.Mr. Jones has consulted the chemists ______ the BPL content of this shipment before he makes a decision.
10.An additional tax has recently been imposed ______ agricultural products.
11.We hope we would be paid in same coin ______ your end.
12.I must get ______ communication with him on this subject.
13.The devaluation of the Pound sterling has induced many foreign buyers to place more orders ______ British manufacturers.
14.The report clearly shows that the parcel ______ question stands for the best possible standard for export.
15.The practice of leasing implies special consideration ______ legal questions.
Ⅳ. Match the words and expressions with the explanations:(10%)
Words and expressions:
1.accommodation ( )
2.outlet ( )
3.lease ( )
4.bill of lading ( )
5.at any rate ( )
6.inventory ( )
7.bill of exchange ( )
8.notify ( )
9.reimburse ( )
10. prevailing ( )
A.the entire store of a business
B.a written order requiring somebody to make a specified payment to the signatory or to a named payee
C.a convenient arrangement
E.to repay a person who has spent or lost money
F.a point from which goods are sold
G.a receipt for goods for shipment by sea
J.in any case
Ⅴ. Translate the following sentences: (30%)
3. 装配过程中零件和辅料的合理损坏率在3% 。
6. This Bill of Lading is subject to the conditions and exceptions of the carrying conveyance.
7. Should any damage be incurred, you may within 30 days after the arrival of the consignment at the port of destination, approach the insurance agents and file your claim with them.
8. If the board should fail to resolve such a dispute, it shall be brought in principle before the ordinary court of the domicile of the actual defendant.
9. Please send us the following articles by express and charge to our account.
10. Upon inspection, we found some cases were broken due to poor packing.
Ⅵ. Letter-writing (20%)
Ⅰ.Give the English equivalents to the following abbreviations.（10%）
Ⅱ.Put the following phrases into English.(10%)
Ⅲ.Fill in the blanks with the words or phrases from the box.(15%)
at of up on with between off in
11.Please insure ______ invoice value plus 10%.
12.Since the premium varies ______ the extend of coverage, extra premium is for buyer’s account, should additional risks be effected.
13.This extension of the trader’s domain is highly important, since it enables the vendee to make a choice ______ alternative goods in satisfying his needs.
14.The financial crisis set ______ in East Asian countries in early 1990s.
15.They had fantastic sales for a few months, and then they leveled ______.
16.The manager has just got a couple of jobs to mop ______ before she goes on holiday.
apply to, complicated, imitation, is consistent with, Auction Market, generate, credit
worthy, regardless of, deteriorate, attach to, boycott, obligation
17.A Transferring bank shall be under no ______ to effect such transfer except to the extent and in the manner expressly consented to by such bank.
18.The Extension consists of a length of steel tube with a coupling on the other end to ______ a handwheel or some other type of operating device.
19.The general provisions in the constitution ______ its generality and the particular provisions to its particularity.
20.A ______ of companies that do not sign on to a pledge to endorse a shorter term could work.
21.With a subscription to ______ Resource, you can view details of thousands of items sold at jewelry auctions around the world.
22.The quality policy can be used for improvement provided that it ______ top management’s vision and strategy for the organization’s future.
23.While copying is often dismissed as a sign of a lack of imagination, some studies have shown that ______ actually leads to better innovation.
24.Because the art of manufacturing mao-tai is ______ and its production cycle is long, the output of mao-tai is extremely limited.
25.The Letter of Guarantee shall become automatically null and void upon its expiration ______ whether it is returned to us or not.
Ⅳ.Reading Comprehension (20%)
A.Read the passage and answer the questions.
Where you keep your savings is important both to you and to our economic system. Savings kept in a jar at home or in a safe-deposit box are idle. They are not circulating and doing the work that money is supposed to do. If all savings were just stored away, production should slow down. There would be fewer jobs and less income. Savings deposited in a bank, however, are put to work by the bank. They are loaned to people who use them to buy cars, refrigerators, or other durable goods. They are also loaned to business firms who use them to buy factories, stores, machines, office equipment, and other capital goods. Someone else spends the money you don’t spend. The wheels of our economic system keep turning.
Putting savings to work is called investing. Savings can be invested in several ways. Depositing them in a bank is only one way. Savings also can be used to buy bonds or life insurance. They can be invested in a business of your own or used to buy shares of stock in a corporation. They can be used to buy land, a home to live in, or property to rent to others. Each of these different ways of putting money to work is an investment.
When you put your savings in a bank, the bank invests them along with the savings of other depositors. You invest your money indirectly. When you buy bonds or stock or property, you invest your money directly.
26. If lots of people kept savings at home, ______. ( )
A. production would speed up
B. more jobs would be provided
C. money would do the work it was supposed to do
D. none of the above is true
27. Savings deposited in a bank are ______. ( )
A. lent to people and business firms who are in need of them in the form of loans
C. bringing profits to both you and the bank
D. all of the above
28. “The wheels of our economic system keep turning” means ______. ( )
A. the economic system is out of order
B. the economic system works properly
C. the economic system is out of control
D. the economic system advances rapidly
29. Which of the following is not an investment? ( )
A. Depositing your mother’s money in a bank.
B. Buying shares of stock in a liability corporation.
C. Lending money to your friend’s to buying bonds or life insurance.
D. Sending your daughter to Harvard University.
30. If you want to invest your money indirectly, you can ______. ( )
A. buy houses B. put it in a bank
C. buy stocks and bonds D. buy property
B.Read the passage and decide whether these statements are true (T) or false (F).
A tariff may be one of the four kinds: ad valorem, specific, alternative or compound. An ad valorem, the kind most commonly used, is one that is calculated as a percentage of the value of the imported good—for example, 10, 25 or 35 percent. They may be based, depending on the country, either on the value of the goods landed at the port of destination, or on the value of the goods at the port in the country of origin. A specific duty is a tax of so much local currency per unit of the good imported based on weight, number, length, volume, or other unit of measurement—for example $10 per kilo or per gallon. An alternative duty is where both an ad valorem duty and a specific one are prescribed for a product, with the requirement that the more onerous one shall apply. A compound duty is a combination of an ad valorem duty and specific duty—for example, 15 percent of value plus 5 pence per pound. Some goods are free from import duty.
31. A tariff may be excluded from one of the four kinds mentioned in the passage. ( )
32. The calculation of an ad valorem takes the priority of the value of the goods landed at the port of destination rather than that of the country of origin. ( )
33. Specific duties are assumed to be levied on foodstuffs and raw materials. ( )
34. When an alternative duty is prescribed, the heavier one is ignored. ( )
35. Both the value of the goods and the unit of measurement would be calculated for any imposed compound duties. ( )
Ⅴ.Translate the following sentences into Chinese .(10%)
36.Revenue tariffs offer some limited protection, and protective tariffs produce some small revenue.
37.TV coverage is usually national or regional so for this reason as well as that of cost it is usually appropriate only for large-scale consumers marketing.
38.Given its limitation, packaging can’t deliver audio-visual movement in the way a TV commercial can, but packaging can be the source of big ideas.
39.Your ordered goods Model No.84 are now out of stock, but we recommend No.85 as a substitute which is very close to your choice in quality though slightly higher in price.
40.We write to inform you that we have today established with Hua Xia Bank an irrevocable documentary L/C in your favor for the amount of $52,000 covering 1000 sets of lawnmower.
Ⅵ.Translate the following sentences into English.(15%)
（2）对于货物装运的延误，我方深感抱歉。自8月11日起，我们公司就备好这批货等待收取。报关清单只有在货物从厂方提走，运到海关清关之后才能做。你方的货运代理商，Albright & Sons 有限公司，直到8月21日才来我们公司收货。我们在之前曾催促他们早点来提货，但他们没有过来。由于周六没有报关，所以只能在8月23日报关。
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