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2021年自考00838语言与文化复习资料(1)

2021-04-05 09:30:00
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        Chapter 1.Language, Culture and Thought.

        (Language, culture and thought interact, each influencing and shaping the others.)

        1.Properties of Language(systematic[it is rule governed ]+arbitrary[no logical relationship between words and the objects, actions and concepts these words are used to refer to; onomatopoeic words and compounds are not arbitrary ]+symbolic[language express are symbols]+vocal+ uniquely human +for communication[it is the primary function of language]+ understand and describe the world+ carrier and container of cultural information)

        2.Definitions and properties of culture

        Definitions of culture(can be defined as attributes of man or lifeway of a population)

         Culture in its broad sense(it is the attributes of man. 1.marterials man has got to satisfy his needs; 2. social institutions and organizations man has established; 3. knowledge about nature and man himself and artistic development; language and other communication systes; 5. customs, habits and behavioural patterns; 6. value systems, world views, national traits, aesthetic standards and thinking patterns. Culture in its broad sense is also called “large C culture” or “academic culture”)

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